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Martial Heritage (12)
1. AGHORl
Martial Heritage
AGHORl or AGHORPANTHI. one of the several Kapalika sects, connected with the Tantrik cult of Saivism, notorious for its cannibalism and other abominable practices. Aghora literally means "not terrible," "not evil," otherwise, "pleasant" or "handsome," and is one of the euphemistic titles of the Hindu god, Siva. Aughar or Aughada is another cognate word which stands for a follower of the Aghorpanth. Besides , there is also a Vaisnava sect of Aghoris of modern origin, said to have been founded by Baba Kinarama (1684-1787) who himself was a disciple of Baba Kalarama Aghori of Varanasi.
Martial Heritage
BHANGlAN Dl TOP or the gun belonging to the Bhangi misl, known as Zamzama, is a massive, heavyweight gun, 80 pounder, 14 ft. 41/2 inches in length, with bore aperture 91/2 inches, cast in Lahore in copper and brass by Shah Nazir at the orders of Shah Wall Khan, the wazir of Ahmad Shah Durrani. In English literature, it has been immortalized by Rudyard Kipling as Kirn`s gun. It is perhaps the largest specimen of Indian cannon casting, and is celebrated in Sikh historical annals more as a marvel of ordnance than for its efficiency in the battlefield.
Martial Heritage
CHITTA BAZ, lit. white hawk, is traditionally the name given to one of Guru Gobind Singh`s favourite falcons whom he would carry perched on his hand when going out for chase or falconry. This image of the Guru the white falcon resting upon his left hand has survived in folklore and in portraiture, and he is known to this day as chittian bajanvala, Master of the White Hawk.
Martial Heritage
DAL SINGAR, lit. ornament or embellishment (singar) of the army (dal), was the name of one of Guru Gobind Singh`s warhorses.According to Bhai Santokh Singh, Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, one Kapura Jatt, "master of several villages in the jungle," (the reference probably is to Chaudhari Kapura Bairar of Kot Kapura, founder of the Faridkot family), had purchased this horse for Rs 1,100 and sent it to Guru Gobind Singh as a present. The Guru assigned it to his personal stables and named it Dal Singar.
Martial Heritage
HOLA MAHALLA or simply Hola, a Sikh festival, takes place on the first of the lunar month of Chef which usually falls in March. This follows the Hindu festival of Holi. The name Hola is the masculine form of the feminine sounding Holi. Mahalla, derived from the Arabic root hal (alighting, descending), is a Punjabi word signifying an organized procession in the form of an army column accompanied by wardrums and standard bearers and proceeding to a given spot or moving in state from one gurudwara to another. The custom originated in the time of Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708) who held first such march at Anandpur on Chef vadi 1, 1757 Bk/22 February 1701.
6. JHATKA
Martial Heritage
JHATKA, the Sikh mode of killing an animal for food, also stands for the meal of an animal or bird so killed. Derived, etymologically, from jhat, an adverb meaning instantly, immediately or at once, jhatka signifies a Jerk, snap, jolt or a swift blow. For Sikhs jhatka karna or jhatkaund means to slaughter the animal instantaneously, severing the head with a single stroke of any weapon or killing with gunshot or electrocution. The underlying idea is to kill the animal with the minimum of torture to it.Jhatka is opposed to kuttha that is meat of an animal slaughtered by a slow process in the Muslim way known as halal (lit. legal, legitimate, lawful).
Martial Heritage
LAILI or LAILA, a famous horse of superb beauty and grace, was originally owned by Yar Muhammad Khan Barakzai, the Sikh tributary governor of Peshawar. It was much coveted by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, whose love for horses was proverbial. With the romantic name given it, Laili was known throughout Central Asia for its breed and deportment darkgrey in colour, 13 years of age in 1835, and reportedly 16 haths in height equivalent to 16 widths of hand.
Martial Heritage
NAINA SINGH, AKALI, eighteenth century Nihang warrior esteemed as much for his piety as for his valour. His special title to fame rests on the fact that he was the guardian of the celebrated Akali Phula Singh (1761-1823) whom he trained in the martial arts. Little is known about his early life except that his original name was Narain Singh and that he received khande di pahul or the rites of the Khalsa at the hands of Jathedar Darbara Singh (d. 1734), leader of the Sikh fighting forces prior to Nawab Kapur Singh. Naina Singh was a junior leader in the Shahid misl, with headquarters at Damdama Sahib, Talvandi Sabo, in present day Bathinda district.
Martial Heritage
NILA GHORA, lit. blue horse, was a dark coloured stallion favourite of Guru Gobind Singh. The Guru`s fondness for him passed into legend and he is remembered to this day as nile ghore  vala, the Rider of the Blue Horse.
Martial Heritage
PARTAPU, BHAI, a professional soldier, came to Guru Arjan, offered obeisance and spoke with folded hands, "Weilding of arms is my trade. Pray, advise me how best my soul can be saved." Guru Arjan, as recorded by Bhai Mani Singh, Sikhdn di Bhagat Maid, said, "When death comes no one will save you, and until then no one can harm you. Therefore, be fearless in battle, but fight only for a righteous cause. When out of battle, be charitable. Through charity your arms shall be blessed, through charity you shall earn renown." Bhai Partapu became a disciple and was so highly regarded for his devotion and piety that Bhai Gurdas made a special mention of him in his composition, the Varan.

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