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Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials (185)
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
ADHARKA, according to Bhai Bala Janam Sakhi, visited Guru Nanak in the train of his master, Salas Rai, the jeweller. Both master and servant turned disciples and set up a Sikh sangat, fellowship or centre, in their native town, Bishambharpur.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
ADIT, a professional soldier of Soini clan, came to take refuge at the feet of Guru Arjan. He supplicated the Guru thus: "We soldiers bear arms and live by fighting. How shall we be saved?" The Guru, according to Bhai Mani Singh, Sikhan di Bhagat Mala, said: "Remember God even when fighting. Fight only in a righteous cause. Protect the weak and the oppressed. Be true to the salt; be loyal to your Master. Thus will you obtain victory; thus will you glorify your countenance." Adit bowed at the Guru`s feet and became a disciple.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
AJMER CHAND, ruler of Kahlur (Bilaspur), one of the princely states in the Sivaliks. He succeeded his father. Raja Bhim Chand, who had retired in his favour. Bhim Chand had led battles against Guru Gobind Singh, and his son, Ajmer Chand, continued the hostility. He formed a league of the hill chieftains and solicited help from Emperor Aurangzib in order to evict Guru Gobind Singh from Anandpur which fell within his territory. Their attacks upon Anandpur in 1700 and 1703 proved abortive, but Guru Gobind Singh had to evacuate the citadel in 1705 under pressure of a prolonged siege. Ajmer Chand joined the imperial troops in their pursuit of the Guru up to Chamkaur. Ajmer Chand died in 1738.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
AJUDHIA PARSHAD, DIWAN (1799-1870), soldier and civil administrator in Sikh times, was the adopted son of Diwan Ganga Ram. Maharaja Ranjit Singh first employed Ajudhia Parshad in 1819 to serve in the military office in Kashmir. Three years later, he was recalled to Lahore and appointed paymaster of the special brigade (FaujiKhas), organized by Generals Allard and Ventura. After the death in 1826 of Diwan Ganga Ram, Ajudhia Parshad received the title of Diwan and was assigned to a variety of duties.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
AKAL, BHAI, a carpenter resident of Vadda Ghar in present day Fandkot district of the Punjab and, according to Gurbilas Chhevin Patshahi, maternal grandfather of the celebrated Bhai Rup Chand, became a devotee of Guru Ram Das. He also served Guru Arjan and Guru Hargobind. He was a man of devotion and piety.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
AKIL DAS, an eighteenth century head of the Handali sect of Jandiala in Amritsar district of the Punjab, also known as Haribhagat Niranjania, was an inveterate enemy of the Sikhs. Giani Gian Singh, Shamsher Khalsa, describes him as "Akul Das who basked in the name of Haribhagat." He was a State informer and revelled in spying on the Sikhs. He had had many of them arrested and executed. Most prominent among his victims were Bhai Taru Singh and Bhai Matab Singh Mirankotia.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
AKUL, BHAI, a resident of Sultan pur Lodhi in present day Kapurthala district of the Punjab, embraced the Sikh faith in the time of Guru Amar Das. Bhai Gurdas in his Varan praises his sincerity and devotion to the Guru. Once Bhai Akul, along with several others from his village, waited on Guru Arjan and begged to be instructed in how sattvika gunas, or qualities of purity and goodness, might be cultivated.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
ALAM CHAND was a masand or parish leader at Lahore in Guru Arjan's time. He was known for his pious and honest ways. He brought to the Guru regularly offerings collected from the Lahore sangat. His favourite maxim, tells Bhai Mani Singh in the Sikhan di Bhagat Mala, was that the use for oneself even of a kaudi, i.e. the smallest coin, out of the offerings was injurious to one's body as well as to one's soul.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
ALLARD, BANNOU PAN DEI (1814-1884), born of Raja Menga Ram of Chamba and Banni Panje Dei at Chamba on 25 January 1814, married Jean Francois Allard, one of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's French generals, in March 1826, and bore him seven children, two of whom died in infancy and are buried in Lahore along with their father. Allard and his wife also adopted a little orphan, Achille. In 1834, Bannou Pan Dei, her children and two of her female attendants accompanied Allard to France.
Hindu bhagats and poets, and Punjabi officials
AMAR NATH, DIWAN (1822-1867), bakhshi or paymaster of the irregular forces of the Sikh army who distinguished himself also as a historian, was born in 1822 the son of Raja Dina Nath, finance minister of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. During the prime ministership of Hira Singh, Amar Nath was assigned to the task of settling the accounts of government studs and stables. The town duties of Lahore and Amritsar were also leased out through him. Hira Singh reposed great trust in Amar Nath who became an intermediary between him and his uncle. Raja Gulab Singh, when the two had fallen out.

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