The establishment of the Khalsa Panth 
PANJ PIARE (lit. the five beloved), name given to the five Sikhs, Bhai Daya Singh, Bhai Dharam Singh, Bhai Himmat Singh, Bhai Muhkam Singh and Bhai Sahib Singh, who were so designated by Guru Gobind Singh at the historic divan at Anandpur Sahib on 30 March 1699 and who formed the nucleus of the Khalsa as the first batch to receive at his hands khande dipdhul, i.e. rites of the two edged sword. In Sikh theology, as in the Indian classical tradition generally, panj or Ranch, the numeral five, has a special significance. Guru Nanak inJapu refers to five khands, i.e. stages or steps in spiritual development, and calls a spiritually awakened person a panch. The ancient Indian sociopolitical institution panchdyat meant a council of five elders.