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Home » » Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani

Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani (83)
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
Tags: granth, sahib, guru
ADI GRANTH. See SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
AKAL USTATI (In Praise of the Timeless Being) is a poetical composition by Guru Gobind Singh in the Dasam Granth. This is the only major composition in the Tenth Master's Book which is without a title. The title by which it is known is made up of its first word, Akal (The Timeless One), and its last word, Ustati (praise). In the beginning is the note: utar khase daskhat ka Patshahi 10 (a copy of the Tenth Guru's own handwriting). After four lines comes the next note: agai likhari ke daskhat (henceforth is the scribe's writing).
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
ALAHNIAN, Guru Nanak's composition in measure Vadahans in the Guru Granth Sahib. Alahni, generally used in its plural form alahnian, is a dirge wailingly sung in chorus by women mourning the death of a relation. Etymologically, the word means an utterance in praise (of the departed person). The sorrowful singing of alahnian is part of the mourning custom of siapa. The women assemble at the house of the dead person and cry aloud beating their breasts while standing, or sit together and bewail. 
4. ANANDU,
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
ANANDU, noncanonically spelt Anand, by Guru Amar Das, is like Guru Nanak`s Japu, one of the more familiar texts in the Guru Granth Sahib. Set in the Ramkali musical measure and comprising forty stanzas, Anand is recited liturgically, especially in its shortened form, at the conclusion of all congregational services and at prayers offered at weddings and other ceremonies to seek God`s grace and solace and to rejoice on happy occasions in the favours granted by Him. The Sikh marriage ceremony itself has come to be called anand, which term has also been used in the legislative enactment governing the custom.
5. ANJULIA
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
ANJULIA (N), by Guru Arjan, is a short composition comprising two hymns entered in the Guru Granth Sahib under Maru musical measure (GG, 1019). This word anjulia (n) is the plural form of Sanskrit anjuli which means the joining together of palms in supplication, reverence or salutation. The word anjulian in its plural sense has been used in the title perhaps because the composition comprises two hymns. It contains prayer to God seeking from Him the gift of nam, i.e meditation on His Name or constant remembrance or repetition of His Name. Everything in this world happens by His Will and those who are favoured by Him practise nam in holy company (sangat).
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
ASA KI VAR, as recorded in the index to the Guru Granth Sahib, but commonly designated Asa di Var, lit. an ode (var) in the musical measure Asa, is a composition by Guru Nanak sung by musicians at Sikh congregations as part of the early morning service. Asa is the raga of predawn hours and the custom of reciting the hymn at morning time is traced to the days of Guru Nanak himself. It is said that Bhai Lahina (later, Guru Arigad) was the first to sing it in the presence of Guru Nanak.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
ACROSTIC :At the age of seven Guru Nanak went to school and the schoolmaster wrote the alphabet on a wooden tablet for Nanak. After just one day Nanak copied the alphabet from memory and made an acrostic on the alphabet. The acrostic called the Patti or tablet in the Rag Asa, is as follows: The One Lord who created the world is the Lord of all. Fortunate is their advent into the world. whose hears remain attached to God's service. 
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
'Anand', which the Sikhs reverently call Anand Saheb is among the most popular compositions of Guru Amardas, the third of the ten Sikh gurus. This important composition constitutes on significant part of the daily liturgical recitations prescribed for the Sikhs. The compositions of Guru Amardas in general, and Anand in particular, expresses deep spiritual experiences couched in simple, unembellished diction. The guru is a master at blending profound philosophical tenor with enchanting lyricism in metaphors which are homely, and images that are drawn from everyday life.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
BABAR VANI (Babar's command or sway) is how the four hymns by Guru Nanak alluding to the invasions by Babar (1483-1530), the first Mughal emperor of India, are collectively known in Sikh literature. The name is derived from the use of the term in one of these hymns: "Babarvani phiri gai kuiru na rod khai Babar's command or sway has spread; even the princes go without food" (GG, 417). Three of these hymns are in Asa measure at pages 360 and 41718 of the standard recension of Guru Granth Sahib and the fourth is in Tilang measure on pages 72223. Zahir-ud-Din Muhammad Babar, driven out of his ancestral principality of Farghana in Central Asia, occupied Kabul in 1504.
10. BALH
Sri Guru Granth Sahib and Guru Gobind Singh's Bani
Tags: bani, bhatt, balh
BALH. See BHATT BANI

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