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Sikh Martyrs (143)
Sikh Martyrs
ALAM SINGH NACHNA (d. 1705), a warrior in the retinue of Guru Gobind Singh, was the son of Bhai Durgu, a Rajput Sikh of Sialkot. He earned the popular epithet Nachna (lit. dancer) because of his uncommon agility. Sarup Das Bhalla, Mahima Prakash, describes him as one of Guru Gobind Singh's constant companions. Possessing pluck as well as skill, he once killed a tiger single handed. On another occasion when during the chase Guru Gobind Singh was suddenly attacked by two hill chiefs, Balia Chand and Alam Chand, with a force far out numbering his own, Alam Singh Nachna showed exemplary courage.
Sikh Martyrs
ALI SINGH (d. 1716), a native of the village of Salaudi, near Sirhind, was in the service of Wazir Khan, the Mughal faujdar of Sirhind. According to Ratan Singh Bharigu, Prachin Panth Prakash, Wazir Khan, on learning of Banda Singh's advance from the South towards the Punjab under the orders of Guru Gobind Singh, called Ali Singh to his presence and taunted him with the remark that another Guru of theirs had appeared and that he should join him and bring him to Sirhind to be despatched after the previous Guru's sons.
Sikh Martyrs
AMAR SINGH MAJITHIA, soldier and administrator in Sikh times, called Amar Singh Kalan (senior) to distinguish him from his namesake Amar Singh Khurd (junior) who was also from the village of Majitha, was the son of Dargaha Singh Majithia. He took part in many an early campaign under Maharaja Ranjit Singh. When Diwan Ram Dial was killed in Hazara in 1820, Amar Singh was appointed governor of that country. While engaged in curbing the activities of the turbulent and unruly Afghan tribes, he was killed treacherously in an ambush. Amar Singh was a fine bowman and the local tribesmen still point to a large tree pierced through and through by an arrow which, they say, came from the bow of Amar Singh.
Sikh Martyrs
AMIA, BHAI (d. 1635). a devoted Sikh of the time of Guru Hargobind. He was one of the five disciples sent to supervise the inhabitation of the village of Ruhela, renamed after Guru Hargobind. Bhai Amia took part in the battle of Amritsar (1634). According to Gurbilas Chhevin Patshahf, he commanded, jointly with Bhai Mihara, a contingent of 500 Sikhs in the battle of Kartarpur fought in April 1635. He was killed in action and Guru Hargobind had the cremation rites performed, before leaving for Kiratpur the following day.
Sikh Martyrs
AMIR SINGH, an Akali or Nihang who was a veteran soldier, joined the band of Bhai Maharaj Singh, leading a popular rebellion against the British in 1848-49. When the British deputy commissioner of Jalandhar, Vansittart, raided Maharaj Singh`s camp near Sham Chaurasi on the night of 2829 December 1849, Amir Singh attacked him with an axe but was himself wounded by a pistol shot fired by Vansittart. He died three days later.
Sikh Martyrs
ANAK SINGH. warrior son of Bhai Mani Ram, resident of the village of Alipur, district Multan (now in Pakistan), received baptismal rites at Anandpur at the time of the initiation of the Khalsa, on 30 March 1699, and took part in the battles of Nirmohgarh and Anandpur. As says Guru kian Sakhian, he fell a martyr in the battle of Chamkaur fought on 7 December 1705.
Sikh Martyrs
ANANTA, BHAI, son of Bhai Kuko, a Vadhavan Khatri, was a devoted Sikh of the time of Guru Hargobind (1595-1644). According to Bhai Santokh Singh, Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, he once earned the Guru`s displeasure for wantonly hitting a crow which became lame as a result of the injury. He was, however, repentant and was pardoned through Bhai Bidhi Chand`s intercession. Bhai Ananta laid down his life fighting for the Guru in the battle of Amritsar (1629).
Sikh Martyrs
ARUR SINGH, BHAI (1872-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was born in November 1872 at Thothian village in Amritsar district, the son of Bhai Nihal Singh and Mat Jio. His education was limited to reading and writing the Gurmukhi script which he learnt in the village gurdwara. He grew up into a tall young man and enlisted in 126th Baluch Battalion in British times but having been on active service only for three years came back as a reservist. He was recalled for active service at the outbreak of the First Great War in 1914.
Sikh Martyrs
ATMA SINGH, BHAI (1881-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was the son of Bhai Hira Singh, a Mazhabi Sikh of village Mustrabad in Gurdaspur district. The family later shifted to village Dharovali in Sheikhupura district where Atma Singh came in contact with Bhai Lachhman Singh, an active Akali reformist, and learnt reading and writing in Gurmukhi script and also received the rites of Khalsa initiation. He married and raised a family of five children three sons and two daughters. Bhai Atma Singh enlisted at the outbreak of the First Great War in 1914 and served in the 32nd Punjab Battalion.
Sikh Martyrs
BACHITTAR SINGH, BHAI (d. 1705), warrior and martyr, was the second son of Bhai Mani Ram, a Parmar Rajput and devotee of the Gurus. One of the five brothers presented by their father for service to Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708), he joined the order of the Khalsa on the historic Baisakhi day, 30 March 1699, and shot into prominence during the first battle of Anandpur against the hill chieftains, when, on 1 September 1700, he was selected by Guru Gobind Singh to face a drunken elephant brought forth by them to batter down the gate of the Lohgarh Fort.

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