The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism


Search Now!

SURDAS, one of the medieval Indian bhakta poets whose verses have been incorporated in the Guru Granth Sahib. Surdas, whose original name was Madan Mohan, is said to have been born in 1529, in a high-ranking Brahman family. As he grew up, he gained proficiency in the arts of music and poetry for which he had a natural talent. He soon became a celebrated poet, singing with deep passion lyrics of Divine love. He attracted the attention of Emperor Akbar who appointed him governor of the parganah of Sandila. But Surdas` heart lay elsewhere.

He renounced the world and took to the company of holy men dedicating himself solely to the Lord. He died at Banaras. A shrine in the vicinity of the city honours his memory. The Guru Granth Sahib contains one hymn by Bhakta Surdas, in the Sarang measure. In fact, it is not a complete hymn but a single line : "0 mind, abandon the company of those who turn away from God." It is believed to be the refrain of a complete hymn composed by Surdas in which he described one who had turned away from God as an incorrigible sinner for whom there was no hope of redemption.

Guru Arjan omitted the rest of the hymn probably because it ran counter to the Sikh belief in God`s grace even for the worst of sinners. He therefore composed a hymn to explain and supplement the single line of Surdas. Its refrain is : "Men of God abide with the Lord." Surdas whose verse figures in the Guru Granth Sahib is to be differentiated from the blind poet of the same name who wrote Sui Sagar.

References :

1. Sabadarth Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Amritsar, 1975
2. Gurdit Singh, Giani, Itihas Sn Guru Granth Sahib (Bhagat BanIBhag). Chandigarh, 1990
3. Sahib Singh, Bhagat Bani Satik. Amritsar, 1959-60
4. Chaturvedi, Parshu Ram, Uttari Bharat ki Sant Parampara. Allahabad, 1964
5. Macauliffe, Max Arthur, The Sikh Re Jig-ion ; Its Gurus, Sacred Writings and Authors. Oxford, 1909

More in this category: « TAHIKAN SHIHAN »

Leave a comment

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.


Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.


World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.



Get Latest Updates