The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism

Philosophy, Spirtuality & Ethics

Search Now!

VAK, from Sanskrit vaka (sounding, speaking ; a text, recitation or formula) or vakya (speech, saying, statement, declaration, a sentence or period), has a special connotation in the Sikh system. In Sikh terminology, Vak means the command or lesson read from the Guru Granth Sahib. Vak laina or hukam laina (obtaining or receiving the Guru`s word or command) is for the Sikhs tantamount to having a darshan or audience of the Guru Granth Sahib, ever present Guru for them. It is an act of seeking the counsel or instruction of the Guru who `speaks` through the vak or hymn recited aloud. Customarily, vak or hukam is recited in sangat by an officiant after the installation or opening of the Guru Granth Sahib in the morning and every time after ardas or supplicatory prayer is said at die end of the service.

Vak or hukam may be read individually by the seeker from die Holy Book in the gurdwara or in his own home or he may request the granthi (officiant) or any one else present to read it out for him. The Sikh Rahit Maryada or the code governing Sikh belief and practice published by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, statutorily elected religious body representative of the entire Sikh community, lays down the following procedure under the head hukam laina : (a) To bow before the Guru Granth Sahib. respectfully to attend the sangat which truly represents die Guru, and to recite or listen to vak amounts to having the darshan or sight of the True Guru. To have a sight of the Guru Granth Sahib by uncovering it and then not to read the vak is manmator self willed transgression.

(b) During the congregation, only one diing should take place at a time kirtan, discourse or scripture reading. (c) During the congregation, only a Sikh (man or woman) is entitled to sit in attendance of the Guru Granth Sahib. (d) While any one, Sikh or non Sikh, may read the Scripture for himself, only a Sikh should read it aloud for the sangat. (e) For obtaining vak, the hymn at the top of die left hand page of Guru Granth Sahib opened at random should be read out from the beginning. If the beginning is at the preceding page, the leaf may be turned.

A complete hymn should be read ending with the line where usually the name Nanak appears. (f) Hukam should also be picked from the holy book at the end to mark the close of the ceremony.Vak thus recited in slow rhythm and with correct intonation makes .impact on the listeners.It is taken to be the Guru`s command for the day.

Historically, there have been instances when theological or even mundane disputes have been settled by having recourse to vak. For example, on 12 October 1920, when the priests of the Harimandar refused to accept the sacrament (karah prasad) brought by a group of the so called low castes, it was agreed to obtain the Guru`s verdict The priests agreed. As the custom goes, the Guru Granth Sahib was opened at random and the words read impromptu went unambiguously in favour of the reformers. This was accepted without argument and without question. Such reliance on vak arises from the belief of the devotees that the barn of Guru Granth Sahib is revelation enjoying Divine sanction.

References :

1. Sikh Rahit Maryada. Amritsar, n.d
2. Cole, W. Owen, The Guru is Sikhism. London, 1982

More in this category: PUNN »

158 comments

  • Comment Link Aqbvescon posted by Aqbvescon Friday, 22 January 2021 22:06

    viagra 100mg pills natural food substitute to viagra cut price viagra [url=http://acialaarx.com/]buy generic viagra paypal[/url] ’

  • Comment Link JvcbxInvat posted by JvcbxInvat Wednesday, 20 January 2021 21:25

    cialis black 800 indian cialis buy cialis no prescription uk [url=http://phrcialiled.com/]cheap cialis pills men[/url] ’

  • Comment Link Fbdhknilk posted by Fbdhknilk Wednesday, 20 January 2021 10:41

    cialis for sale on amazon cialis no prescription paypal cialis 10 mg [url=http://21cialismen.com/]generic cialis[/url] ’

  • Comment Link Kbctgatt posted by Kbctgatt Wednesday, 20 January 2021 09:16

    best cialis price cialis samples canada cialis no prerscription [url=http://mycialedst.com/]cialis name brnd[/url] ’

  • Comment Link Fsbxescon posted by Fsbxescon Monday, 18 January 2021 15:49

    viagra samples canada discount viagra online with cheap shipping viagra and things like it [url=http://genericrxxx.com/]brand viagra offers[/url] ’

  • Comment Link Nlbxknilk posted by Nlbxknilk Sunday, 17 January 2021 23:58

    viagra retail viagra professional generic viagra on lines buy viagra with pay pal bying viagra uk pfizer viagra viagra over the counter walgreens viagra online netherlands drugs market viagra paypal online viagra viagra buy online viagra no precription travel taipei viagra in usa viagra001 viagra alternatives india

  • Comment Link JvcxInvat posted by JvcxInvat Friday, 15 January 2021 21:43

    overnight delivery generic viagra viagra on line paying with paypal over the counter viagra walgreens viagra patent free viagra voucher 200mg viagra viagra costs walmart products like viagra generic viagra sildenfil citrate australia viagra with dapoxetine generic viagra with dapoxetine 160mg buy viagra 100mg online buy real viagra on line without prescription viagra assistance program viagra sale online near south bend

  • Comment Link Fgnhknilk posted by Fgnhknilk Friday, 15 January 2021 10:09

    viagra natural para hombres overnight me viagra viagra free sample price 100mg viagra st martin viagra viagra manufacturers in india viagra for sale in liverpool ingredient in viagra viagra oline viagra canada chewing viagra buy generic viagra on line order viagra in us military viagra viagra pillsm

Leave a comment

Joomla SEF URLs by Artio

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.

Visit AllAboutSikhs.com

Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.

Visit SearchGurbani.com

World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.

Visit WorldGurudwaras.com

 

Get Latest Updates