The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism

Arts & Heritage

Search Now!

KHUSHAL SINGH, BHAI

(0 votes)

KHUSHAL SINGH, BHAI (1862-1945), holy man with mastery of Sikh music, was the son of Bhai Gurmukh Singh, a Jatt Sikh of Daudhar, a village 22 km southeast of Moga (30°48`N, 75°10`E), in Faridkot district of the Punjab. Blind from birth, Khushal Singh received instruction in gurbani and kirtan or devotional music in Vadda Dera, a school for training Sikh musicians established at Daudhar in 1859 by Sant Suddh Singh (d. 1882). Bhai Vir Singh (d. 1902), an accomplished musician who became mahant or head of the institution after the death of its founder, was his teacher.

Khushal Singh made swift progress and acquired uncanny proficiency in the art. Besides solitary recitation of gurbani early in the morning and kirtan in the sangat morning and evening, he gave lessons in devotional music to the inmates of the Dera most of whom were physically handicapped being blind or maimed. The instruments taught included saranda, sitar, tanpura and various kinds of drums and concussion instruments, but Khushal Singh`s particular specialization was in saranda. A good vocalist, he not only sang the traditional classical measures, but also made his own innovations.

Once his singing of a hymn in Mir/.a Gauri, a new tune set by himself, in a learned gathering at Damdama Sahib, Talvandi Sabo, drew unprecedented applause. Bhai Khushal Singh died in 1945 at the ripe age of 83. The wooden frame of his favourite saranda is preserved in a museum in the town of Faridkot.

References :

1. Avtar Singh and Gurcharan Singh, Gurbani Smfpl. Patiala, 1979
2. Sundar Singh, Bhai, Gurmati Sangit. Amritsar, n.d.
3. Singh Sabha Patiika. February-March 1978

Leave a comment

Joomla SEF URLs by Artio

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.

Visit AllAboutSikhs.com

Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.

Visit SearchGurbani.com

World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.

Visit WorldGurudwaras.com

 

Get Latest Updates