The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism

Philosophy, Spirtuality & Ethics

Search Now!

YUGAS (AGES)

(0 votes)

YUGAS (AGES): In all the four ages, the True Bani (Divine hymns) is the ambrosia.(Dhanasan M. 3, p- 665) In all the four ages, they are seiled and full of dilt, whose mouths do not utter the Name of the Lord.(Sri Raga M. l, p. 57) The Yugas (ages) are four, viz., the Kritya Yuga (or Sat Yuga), the Treta, the Dwapara and the Kali Yuga. In order to estimate the period of each Yuga, the two Ayanas compose one year. One Ayana of six months is the period of sun's progress north or south of the ecliptic.

The southem Ayana is a night of the gods and the northern Ayana is the day. The period of four Yugas is twelve thousand divine years; and each divine year is composed of three hundred and sixty days. The distribution of the divine years of each Yuga is as follows : Kritya Yuga : four thousand; Treta Yuga :three thousand, Dwapara Yuga : two thousand and Kali Yuga : One thousand. The period that precedes a Yuga is called Sandhya and the period which follows a Yuga is known as Sandhyasana and each one of these periods is equal to ten percent of the divine years.

Thus: Kritya Yuga lasts for 4,800 years, Treta Yuga lasts for 3,600 years, Dwapara Yuga lasts for 2,400 years, and Kali Yuga lasts for 1,200 years. In order to count the human years of each Yuga, we have to multiply the divine years by 360. In this way, Kritya Yuga lasts for 1728,800 human years, Treta Yuga lasts for 1296,000 human years, Dwapara Yuga lasts for 864,000 human years, and Kali Yuga lasts for 432,000 human years. A day of Brahma is called a Kalpa. A day of gods is equal to one human year.

The 12,000 divine years are to be multiplied by 360, in order to get the number of human years in the four Yugas. One Kalpa consists of 1,000 divine yearsi Thus a day or night of Brahma is equal to 12,000x360x1,000 human years i.e. 4,320,000,000 human years

References :

1. Kohli,Surindar Singh ed,Dictionary of Mythological References in Guru Granth Sahib 1993

More in this category: « HIRANYAKSHA SHANKARA »

Leave a comment

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.

Visit AllAboutSikhs.com

Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.

Visit SearchGurbani.com

World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.

Visit WorldGurudwaras.com

 

Get Latest Updates