The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism

Philosophy, Spirtuality & Ethics

Search Now!

MORCHA

(0 votes)

MORCHA, in Persian murchah or murchal meaning entrenchments, fortification or battlefront, has, apart from its usage in military strategy, entered Indian political vocabulary via the Gurdwara Reform or Akali movement of the early 1920`s. In that prolonged agitation for the liberation of Sikh historical shrines from the control of a corrupt priestly order, the Akalis, as the reformers were then known, came into clash with the British rulers and mounted peaceful resistance fronts to assert their rights. These assuming the form of mass mobilization, meetings and marches to force the matter at issue, were styled morchds.

The movement broke out into several such campaigns. Among them were Chabiari da Morcha for the recovery of the keys of the to shdkhdnd (treasury) of Sri Darbar Sahib, Amritsar, which had been seized by the British deputy commissioner; Guru ka Bagh Morcha to assert Sikhs` right over the lands attached to the local Gurdwara; Jaito da Morcha to win freedom of worship and of peaceful assembly`s right to manage its historical shrines. These heroic episodes involving courage and suffering made the term morchd popular. It was appropriated by political parties who began to use it for their own agitations.

For example, an agitation in 1938 against cut in canal water supply to peasants was called kisdn morchd or Harsa Chhina morchd, and agitations launched by protagonists of Hindi and another by patvdns (village level revenue officials) during the chief ministership of Partap Singh Kairori in early 1960`s were known as Hindi morchd and Patvari morchd, respectively. More recently political groups have started using the term as synonym of political front or grouping. Examples are Jan Morcha, a splinter group of Janata Dal, and Lok Hit Morcha, a party formed by some ministers and legislators of Haryana expelled from the ruling Janata Dal in 1989. A duly recognized independent political party is named Jharkhand Mukti Morcha.

References :

1. Josh, Sohan Singh, Akali Morchian da Itihas. Delhi, 1972
2. Pratap Singh, Giani, Gurdwara Sudhar arthat Akli Lahir. Amritsar, 1975
3. Mohinder Singh. The Akali Movement. Delhi, 1978
4. Harbans Singh, The Heritage of the Sikhs. Delhi, 1983

More in this category: « PANTH LAHORE DARBAR »

Leave a comment

Joomla SEF URLs by Artio

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.

Visit AllAboutSikhs.com

Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.

Visit SearchGurbani.com

World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.

Visit WorldGurudwaras.com

 

Get Latest Updates