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Punjab History Timeline


* 200,000 years: Pre-historic and Proto-historic existence of early mankind
* 2600 - 1900 BCE: Harappa Culture
* 1500 - 1000 BCE: Rigvedic Aryan Civilization
* 599 BCE: Jainism
* 567 - 487 or c. 400 BCE: Buddha
* 550 BCE - 600 CE: Buddhism remained prevalent
* 550 - 515 BCE: Persian Invasion to west of Indus River
* 326 BCE: Alexander's Invasion
* 322 - 298 BCE: Chandra Gupta Maurya Period
* 273 - 232 BCE: Ashoka's Period
* 125 - 160 BCE: Rise of the Sakas (Scythians, known as the ancestors of Rajputs)
* 2 BCE: Beginning of Rule of the Sakas.
* 45 - 180 CE: Rule of the Kushanas
* 320 - 550 CE: Gupta Empire
* 500 CE: Hunnic Invasion
* 510 - 650 CE: Vardhana Era
* 647 - 1192 CE: Rajput Period
* 713 - 1300 CE: Muslim Invaders (Arabs, then Turks) like Mohammed Ghori and Mahmud Ghazni
* 8th Century CE: Arabs capture Sind and Multan
* 1450 - 1700 CE: Mughal Rulers
* 1469 - 1539 CE: Guru Nanak Dev (1st Sikh Guru)
* 1539 - 1675 CE: Period of 8 Sikh Gurus from Guru Angad Dev to Guru Tegh Bahadur
* 1675 - 1708 CE: Guru Gobind Singh (10th Sikh Guru)
* 1708 - 1715 CE: Conquests of Banda Bahadur
* 1716 - 1759 CE: Sikh struggle against Moghul Governors
* 1739 CE: Invasion of Nadir Shah
* 1748 -1769 CE: Ahmed Shah Abdali's nine invasions
* 1762 CE: 2nd Holocaust (Ghalughara) from Ahmed Shah's 6th invasion
* 1764 - 1799 CE: Rule of the Sikh Misls
* 1799 - 1839 CE: Rule by Maharaja Ranjit Singh
o Maharaja Ranjit Singh (b.1780, Crowned April 12, 1801, d.1839)
o Kharak Singh (b.1801, d.1840), Eldest son of Ranjit Singh.
o Nau Nihal Singh (b.1821, d.1840), Grandson of Ranjit Singh.
o Sher Singh (b.1807, d.1843), Son of Ranjit Singh.
o Duleep Singh (b.1838, Crowned 1843, d.1893), Youngest son of Ranjit Singh.
* 1849 CE: Annexation of Punjab - The British Empire annexed Punjab in c.1845-49 AD; after two Anglo Sikh Wars
* 1849 - 1947 CE: British Rule
* 1911 CE: Calcutta ceases to be capital of Indian Empire and Delhi is removed from Punjab and becomes new capital territory
* 1947 CE: Partition of India and thus Punjab into 2 parts. The Eastern part became the Indian Punjab and the Western part the Pakistan Punjab
* 1966 CE: Punjab in India divided into 3 parts on linguistic basis - Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjabi Suba (the present Punjab)
* 1984 CE: Operation Blue Star and its aftermath

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