The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism

Historical Sikh Events

Search Now!


(0 votes)

MISLDARI OR MISALDARI, a system of political relationship as well as of land tenure which came into being with the rise of Sikh power in the eighteenth century Punjab. The Sikh warriors who, since the execution of Banda Singh Bahadur in 1716, had lived precariously as small guerilla bands, had by the middle of the century grouped themselves into eleven main divisions and started acquiring territory as misls. This was the origin of the Sikh misls which established their sway in the Punjab.

Under the mislddn system of land tenure which now prevailed, the chief or sarddr of each misi could allot land to a member of his own misi, or even to an outsider, not as a grant orjdgir, but as a share of the territory in the conquest of which the latter was an equal partner. Sometimes the subordinate mislddrs or commanders occupied territory on their own, but continued to accept the sarddr of the misla.s their chief. The mislddrs were independent in the management of their respective territories. They could alienate it to a member of the parent misi, but not to an outsider.

Their relationship with the sarddr of the parent misi remained that of subordinates, but only for the purpose of the offence and defence against outsiders. Again, occupation of territory only entitled them to a share in the produce. The mislddrs, like the jdgirddrs, could not interfere with the traditional proprietory or occupancy rights of the tillers of the land. Mislddn was a transient phenomenon. With the emergence of the Sikh kingdom under Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the early decades of the nineteenth century absorbing most of the misls, the system became redundant. Many of the mislddrs, however, joined service under, the Maharaja who allowed them to keep the whole or part of their past holdings nsjdgirs but not as permanent or independent freeholds.

References :

1. Bhagat Singh, Sikh Polity in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Delhi, 1978
2. Nayyar, Gurbachan Singh, Sikh Polity and Political Institutions. Delhi, 1979

More in this category: « MISLS JATHA »


Leave a comment

Joomla SEF URLs by Artio

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.


Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.


World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.



Get Latest Updates