God created this earth, the sun and the moon and.the fourteen worlds. Some are blessed to earn profit and they become giirmukhs, i.e. those with their faces turned towards the Guru.Such persons become liberated and suffer no more in the cycle of transmigration. Belief in the existence of God, love for Him, recitation of His Name and realization of God as the ultimate end of human life are some of the points on which the Var lays emphasis. Love other than that of God is transient and it leads one to disappointment.
Apart from the spiritual and theological problems that this Var takes up, it refers to some social problems as well. Equality of men is the basic value. What determines man`s social status is not his birth in a particular caste but his good or bad deeds.Pride in caste is sheer vanity. God protects all irrespective of their caste or creed. Guru Nanak denounces untouchability as well as hypocrisy of the socalled `twiceborn` who draw a line around their kitchen to exclude pollution but have not cleansed their hearts of the vices.
A man who pretends piety and carried evil in his heart is severely condemned. Man is adjured to choose the moral path. Thus will one overcome ego, the main stumbling block in the way of the realization of Truth. The last stanza of the Var affords a revelatory glimpse. The Guru, who calls himself a dhadi or bard engaged in penegyrizing God, has visited the Divine Portal and there received from Him the gift of True Name.
1. Sahadarth Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Amritsar, 1959
2. Ainole, S.S., Bai Varan Satik. Amritsar, 1944
3. Narain Singh, Giani, Bai Varan Satik. Amritsar, 1975
4. Bishan Singh, Giani, Tika Bai Varan. Amritsar, n.d.