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WAFA BEGAM, the senior wife of Shah Shuja, the king of Kabul, who after the dethronement of her husband came in February 1810 to Lahore where the Sikh sovereign, Ranjit Singh, made arrangements for her reception and accommodation suiting her status. In 1812, Shah Shuja fell into the hands of Jahandad Khan, the governor of Attock, who sent him to his brother, Ata Muhammad Khan, the governor of Kahsmir. Wafa Begam, fearing for the life of Shah Shuja who was held a prisoner in Kashmir, promised to gift to Ranjit Singh the Kohinoor diamond if he would have her husband released. When Fateh Khan, the Kabul Wazir, led an expedition to Kashmir jointly with the Sikhs, Diwan Muhkam Chand, the Sikh commander, had Shah Shuja freed from capativity in the Shergarh fort in Srinagar, and brought him to Lahore.

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