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MULA SINGH, BHAI (1880-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was the son of Bhai Jivan Singh and Mai Gulab Kaur of Valla village, in Amritsar district. He learnt Gurmukhi during his childhood and was also married young, but remained childless. He then went abroad to Singapore where he served in the 67th Battalion for 16 years. Retiring as a havilddr (sergeant) on a pension of Rs 10 per month, he came back to India, and settled at Chakk No. 10 Thothiari, in Sheikhupura district (now in Pakistan). During the First Great War (191418), the government was finding it difficult to get enough Sikh recruits needed to reinforce its expanded army, and even resorted to undeclared conscription.

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