The chiefs, designated masands, functioned as the Gurus` local representatives. They preached the Gurus` word in sangats or fellowships of the holy, performed the rites of initiation, collected tithes and offerings meant for the Guru and ran the langar (community kitchen). In some of the larger districts, the masands, the Gurus` representatives, appointed their own assistants. These assistants were known as metis. According to Zulfiqar Ardistani, as the masands formed a link between the Guru and the laity, the meKs formed a link between the masands and the Sikhs living in their respective districts.
1. Shea, David, and Anthony Troyer, tr., Dabistan-i-Mnzahib. London, 1843
2. Randhir Singh, Bhai, ed., Prem Sumarag Granth. Jalandhar, 1965