GOINDVAL (31Â°22`N, 75″9`E), the first ever place of Sikh pilgrimage so designated by its founder, Guru Amar Das. This in fact was the spot where the ancient eastwest highway crossed the River Beas. With the renovation of the highway by Sher Shall Sur, the Afghan ruler of north India (1540-45), this ferry site became an important transit point. This led one Goinda or Gonda, a Marvaha Khatri trader, to plan establishing an habitation at the western end of the ferry. Thwarted in his endeavour by natural calamities which Goinda attributed to evil spirits, he repaired to Khadur to seek Guru Angad`s blessing.
The Guru deputed his devoted disciple, (Guru) Amar Das, to help Goinda. Amar Das, who knew that tract very well as he had been carrying river water from this place to Khadur daily for his Master`s ablutions, laid the foundation of a village which was named after Goinda. After his anointment as Guru in 1552, Guru Amar Das shifted from Khadur to Goindval. In 1559, Guru Amar Das commenced the digging in Goindval of a bdoH, i.e. a well with steps descending down to water level which, when completed, attracted pilgrims from far and near.
Goindval also became in the time of Guru Amar Das the centre of an annual fair on the occasion of Baisakhi. Even after Guru Amar Das`s successor. Guru Ram Das, had built up Amritsar and made it his permanent seat, devotees continued to visit Goindval to have a dip in the sacred bdoU and pay homage at other local shrines. SRI BAOLI SAHIB is a large, open well, 8 metres across. Its water level is reached through a covered passage comprising a flight of 84 steps. A wide pointed archway opens on a domed clearance, four steps below the ground level.
Its cupola is painted with multicoloured floral designs and portraits of Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Hargobind and Guru Gobind Singh. The area between the arch and the coping is covered with portraits of the Ten Gurus, and those ofBaba Mohari, Baba Mohan and Baba Anand. Other paintings depict scenes from the life of Guru Amar Das. Most of the steps are covered with marble slabs donated by different devotees, the earliest of these being dated 1963 Bk/AD 1906. The lotus dome above the entrance has a tall goldplated pinnacle with pinnacled kiosks and solid decorative domes around it.
THARA SAHIB SR! GURU AMAR DASJI is a marblelined platform, with a pinnacled canopy of white marble supported on cylinderical columns, at the entrance to Sri Baoli Sahib. It marks the site where Guru Amar Das used to sit supervising the digging of the Baoli. SRi DARBAR SAHIB or Prakash Asthan Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, adjacent to Sri Baoli Sahib, is a square hall with a sanctum in the centre where the Guru Granth Sahib is seated. Daily congregations take place in this hall. LANGAR SRI GURU AMAR DASji, in the vicinity of the Darbar Sahib, is a largesized refectory, with kitchens attached.
GURU AMAR DAS NIVAS, behind the Baoli Sahib, is a twostoreyed building providing lodging for pilgrims. GURDWARA SRI CHUBARA SAHIB, in a different complex which was once the residence of Guru Amar Das and his family, is the attic in which the Guru himself lived. It is a small room with a still smaller room entered through it. The Guru Granth Sahib is seated in the front room on a silver pdlaki or portable canopied throne. This room has doors covered with silver. The interior is decorated with stucco work inset with reflccing glass pieces and intricate designs in many colours. KILLI SAHIB, a small wooden peg (killi in Punjabi) now covered with a silver sheath, is fixed in the front wall of Sri Chubara Sahib on the outside.
Guru Amar Das, it is said, used to meditate in the standing posture holding on to this peg for support. An embossed design on a brass plate above the Kill! Sahib depicts Guru Nanak, flanked by Bhai Bala and Bhai Mardana, sitting under a tree. Another embossed sketch shows Guru Amar Das and his sons, Baba Mohari and Baba Mohan. GURIAI ASTHAN GURU RAM DAS, marks the spot where Guru Ram Das was anointed Guru.
A brass plate donated by a descendant of Guru Amar Das in 1920 has etched on it the scene of the ceremony in which Bhai Gurdas is holding a whisk over the head of Guru Ram Das, Baba Buddha is putting the saffron mark on his forehead and Guru Amar Das is standing behind Baba Buddha, while Baba Mohari is touching the feet of Guru Ram Das and Baba Mohan is sitting in meditation on a deerskin. Next to them are figures of 22 prominent Sikhs on whom Guru Amar Das is said to have bestowed manjis, the insignia of appointment as preachers in their respective districts.
JOT! JOT ASTHAN PATSHAHi lll,a small marbled pavilion next to Guriai Asthan, was built on the site of the room in which Guru Amar Das died on 1 September 1574. Guru Ram Das also died in that room exactly seven years later. JANAM ASTHAN SRi GURU ARJAN DEVJI is a room, in the same compound as Sri Chubara Sahib, where Guru Arjan was born. The Guru Granth Sahib is seated in this room. CHUBARA BABA MOHAN Jl marks the spot where Baba Mohan, the ascetic son of Guru Amar Das, used to live in an upstairs room (chubdrd, in Punjabi).
It was here that Guru Arjan received from Baba Mohan the pothu containing hymns for use in the compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib. The present room in which the Guru Granth Sahib is seated is on the ground floor. Among the relics preserved in the Chubara Sahib complex is the palanquin in which the pothlswere carried to Amritsar and then brought back to Goindval. KHUH GURU RAM DAS Jl ATE JOTI JOT ASTHAN BHAI GURDAS Jl is the sign for a separate Gurdwara, to the west of Sri Chubara Sahib, commemorating Bhai Gurdas, who died here, and Guru Ram Das, the khuh or well sunk by whom is still preserved in the compound in front.
All these shrines in Goindval are managed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. A largelyattended threeday fair takes place in the month of September to mark the death anniversary of Guru Amar Das. GURDWARA DAMDAMA SAHIB, 3 km from Goindval, also commemorates Guru Amar Das who, according to tradition, used to halt here briefly during his daily journey from Goindval to Khadur carrying river water for Guru Arigad`s morning bath. The present building was constructed in the 1960`s by Sant Bhurivale, whose followers continue to administer it.
1. Tara Singh, Sri. Gur Tirath Sahgrnhi. Amritsarr”, n.d,
2. Thakar Singh, Giani, Sn Gurduarp Dmshnn. Amritsar, 1923
3. Gian Singh, Giani, Twaarikh Guru Khalsa. Fatiala, 1970