AJUDHIA PARSHAD, DIWAN (1799-1870), soldier and civil administrator in Sikh times, was the adopted son of Diwan Ganga Ram. Maharaja Ranjit Singh first employed Ajudhia Parshad in 1819 to serve in the military office in Kashmir. Three years later, he was recalled to Lahore and appointed paymaster of the
ANGLOSIKH TREATY (BHYROWAL/ BHAROVAL, December 1846), signed on 16 December 1846 between the East India Company and the minor Maharaja Duleep Singh, provided for a Britishcontrolled regency till the Maharaja came of age. Maharani Jind Kaur, who was acting as regent other son, Duleep Singh, had believed that, as stipulated
GOBINDJAS, RAI (d. 1846) served, like his father Rai Anand Singh, as a vakilor agent of the Sikh kingdom, first at Ludhiana and then at Delhi. His despatches from Ludhiana contain reports concerning various political matters such as the Indus navigation scheme, the Ropar meeting, Alexander Burncs` mission to
HUKAM SINGH MALVAI (d. 1846), soldier and jdgirddr in the Sikh limes, was son of Dhanna Singh MalvaT, an important official of the Sikh kingdom. Like his father, Hukam Singh served the Lahore Darbar. In January 1839, he, along with his brother Bachittar Singh, escorted Shahzada Taimur to Peshawar.
HURBON, a Spaniard, who joined the Sikh army as an engineer in 1842. He was given command of a regiment and, later, that of a brigade. He was an astute tactician and is said to have planned and built, in concert with Mouton, entrenchments at Ferozeshah and Sabhraori during
IMAM SHAH (d. 1846), who rose to be a colonel in Ranjit Singh`s army entered the service of Jodh Singh of Wazirabad in 1809 as an artillery Jamadar. He was of Persian descent and a grandson of Qamar udDin, an officer in the army of Nadir Shah. In 1810,
KISHAN SINGH (d. 1846), the second son of Jamadar Khushal Singh, an influential courtier in Sikh times. Chronicles of the Lahore district do not contain any mention of Kishan Singh until after the death of his father in 1844. As HTra Singh Dogra rose to power in 1843, the
LAIRDEE (d. 1846), an Englishman who deserted the East India Company`s artillery and came to Lahore. He took up service under the Sikhs in 1842. He trained the gunners and was one of the few Europeans who actually fought against the English in the first Anglo Sikh war. At
NUR UDDIN, FAQIR (d. 1852), third son of Ghulam Mohy udDin and the youngest brother of Faqir `Aziz udDin, was one of the prominent Muslim courtiers serving the Sikh sovereign Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his successors. In 1801, when Ranjit Singh assumed the title of Maharaja, Nur udDin was
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