An outline of Sikh architectureby S.S. BhattiSo little has been written about Sikh architecture that it is difficult for anyone to believe that such a style of architecture exists at all. It is ironic that whereas the Sikhs are known the world over for their characteristic vigor, valor, versatility, above
NAINA SINGH, AKALI, eighteenth century Nihang warrior esteemed as much for his piety as for his valour. His special title to fame rests on the fact that he was the guardian of the celebrated Akali Phula Singh (1761-1823) whom he trained in the martial arts. Little is known about his
NIHAL SINGH THAKUR (1808-1895), Sikh theologian and musician, was born at Amritsar on 7 Phagun 1864 Bk/17 February 1808 to Bhai Mahal Singh and Mata Basi. Bhai Mahal Singh lived in the village of Sayyid ki Sarai in Gujjarkhan tahsil of Rawalpindi district, now in Pakistan, and had come to
ATMA SINGH, BHAI (1881-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was the son of Bhai Hira Singh, a Mazhabi Sikh of village Mustrabad in Gurdaspur district. The family later shifted to village Dharovali in Sheikhupura district where Atma Singh came in contact with Bhai Lachhman Singh, an active Akali
CHANDA SINGH, BHAI (1885-1921) was born on 9 Savan 1942 Bk / 22 July 1885, the son of Bhai Hukam Singh and Mat Nand Kaur, a peasant couple of village Nizampur, in Amritsar district. The family shifted westward to Chakk No. 38 Nizampur Deva Singhvala, in a newly colonized
GHANI KHAN and his brother Nabi Khan, Pathan horse dealers of Machhivara in present day Ludhiana district of the Punjab, were admirers of Guru Gobind Singh whom they had visited at Anandpur and to whom they had sold many good animals. When they learnt that, travelling in a lonely state
ISHAR SINGH, BHAI, one of the Five Muktas, fell a martyr in the battle of Chamkaur (7 December 1705). See DEVA SINGH, BHAi ISHAR SINGH, BHAI (1888-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was born at Rupovali in Gurdaspur district on 13 Savan 1945 BK/27July 1888, the elder son
KARORA SINGH (d. 1761), founder of the Karorsirighia principality of the Sikhs, was a VirkJatt belonging to the village of Bark! in the district of Lahore. He had been forcibly converted to Islam during the lime of Nawab Zakariya Khan. He, however, rejoined the Sikh faith receiving the rites
MAHINGA SINGH, BHAI (d. 1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was born in a potter\'s family of Lahuke in Amritsar district. He along with his parents, Bhai Jhanda Singh and Mat Bhago, migrated to Chakk No 75 Lahuke in Lyallpur district when that area was colonized during the 1890\'s.
NIHAL SINGH, of Naushahra near Tarn Taran in Amritsar district of the Punjab, was among the close associates of the Sikh revolutionary, Bhai Maharaj Singh (d. 1856), who assigned him to many a secret mission such as procuring weapons from Charhat Singh, an exkdrddr, and helping Bhai Tek Chand
SAKHI SARWAR, lit. the Bountiful Master, also known by various other appellations such as Sultan (king), Lakhdata (bestower of millions), Lalanvala (master of rubies), Nigahia Pir (the saint of Nigaha) and Rohianvala (lord of the forests), was the founder of an obscurantist cult whose followers are known as Sultanias or
TEJA SINGH HAZURIA, BHAI (1879-1922), also known as Babu Teja Singh Maingan, a noted Sikh preacher and social reformer, was the son of Bhai Lakhmi Das, a Sahajdhari Sikh of the village of Maingan in Jehlum district, now in Pakistan. After his early education in the village gurdwara, he
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