NIHAL SINGH THAKUR (1808-1895), Sikh theologian and musician, was born at Amritsar on 7 Phagun 1864 Bk/17 February 1808 to Bhai Mahal Singh and Mata Basi. Bhai Mahal Singh lived in the village of Sayyid ki Sarai in Gujjarkhan tahsil of Rawalpindi district, now in Pakistan, and had come to
ANOKHI, BIBI, born, according to Kesar Singh Chhibbar, Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahian Ka, in the Bikrami year 1592/AD 1535. She was the third child and the younger of the two daughters of Guru Arigad and(Mata) Khivi. M.G.S. ANUPDEI, MATA, mother of the fourth Guru, Guru Ram Das (1534-81). See HARDAS.
BISHAN SINGH, GIANI (1875-1966), cleric and exegete, was a granthi or priest at the Khalsa College at Amritsar for 30 years. The Khalsa College was then a premier Sikh college excelling in research and publication in the field of Sikh studies. Four of the foremost Sikh scholars of this
DEVA SINGH, BHAI. and Bhai Ishar Singh were among the Five Muktas, who formed the first batch after the Parij Piare to receive baptism of the Khalsa on the Baisakhi day of AD 1699. According to Rahitnama Hazuri Bhai Chaupa Singh Chhibbar, the draft of a rahitnama was prepared
GURBILAS PATSHAHI 10, a poeticized account of Guru Gobind Singh`s career, was completed in 1751, forty-three years after his death. Until it was published in 1968, there were only four manuscript copies of the work known to exist. Apart from specialists, very few had heard of it. The author
KAPUR SINGH, NAWAB (1697-1753), eighteenth century Sikh hero and founder of the Dal Khalsa. He was born in 1697 in a peasant family of Virks of the village of Kaloke, now in Shcikhupura district of Pakistan. His father`s name was DalTp Singh. When Kapur Singh was of the age
KHALSA NATIONAL PARTY was founded in 1936 by two Sikh aristocrats, Sir Sundar Singh Majithta and Sir Jogendra Singh, with a view primarily to contesting legislative elections in the Punjab under the new scheme of reforms introduced by the British Inder the Government of India Act, 1935. According to the
MISLS. Misi is a term which originated in the eighteenth century history of the Sikhs to describe a unit or brigade of Sikh warriors and the territory acquired by it in the course of its campaign of conquest following the weakening of the Mughal authority in the country. Scholars trying
PREM SINGH HOTI, BABA (1882-1954), historian and biographer, was born on 2 November 1882 at Hoti, near Mardan, in North-West Frontier Province, now part of Pakistan. His father Ganda Singh, a man of means, traced his ancestry back to Bhalla family of Goindval, in Amritsar district, to which noted Sikh
SARMUKH SINGH, BAVA, a staunch member of the Kuka sect and a brother of Bava Nihal Singh, author of the much talked about book in the closing decades of the nineteenth century, Khurshid Khalsa. It was under his supervision that the book was printed at the AftabiHind Press at
SRI GURU GRANTH SAHIB (Guru = spiritual teacher ; Granth = book or volume ; Sahib, an honorific signifying master or lord) is the name by which the holy book of the Sikhs is commonly known. It is a voluminous anthology of the sacred verse by six of the ten
TEJA SINGH HAZURIA, BHAI (1879-1922), also known as Babu Teja Singh Maingan, a noted Sikh preacher and social reformer, was the son of Bhai Lakhmi Das, a Sahajdhari Sikh of the village of Maingan in Jehlum district, now in Pakistan. After his early education in the village gurdwara, he
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