IBRAHIM, SHAIKH (Shaikh Farid of the Janam Sakhi), twelfth in succession from the famous Sufi saint, Shaikh Farid udDin GanjiShakar (1173-1266), held the seat of the earlier Shaikh at Pakpattan in the present Sahiwal (former Montgomery) district of Pakistan when Guru Nanak (1469-1539) was travelling in these parts. Shaikh Ibrahim,
SARANG Kl VAR, in the Guru Granth Sahib, is of the composition of Guru Ram Das. It is set to be sung in Sarang raga and hence the tide Sarang ki Var. Nine of the 22 vars included in the Guru Granth Sahib are composed in the musical mode
JAGGA, BHAI, a Khatrl of Dharni clan, was a devoted Sikh of the time of Guru Arigad. As he first waited upon the Guru, he said, "Show me the light, True Master. I have been to a yogi for guidance, but he would not instruct me until I renounce
SATNAMI. The word satnami is derived from satnam, lit. the True Name , a term used in some religious traditions including Sikhism to denote the Supreme Being. Literally, a Satnami is one who believes in and worships only the True Being and as such every Sikh is a Satnami.
JAGANNATHA Jagannatha (The Lord of the â€¢world), Madhva, who is the life of the world, the Remover of Fear, remember Him in the heart. (Ramkali M. 5, p. 897) Jagannatha (The Lord of the world has created all beings; He hath Perforated the noses of all and hath stitched
SIDH GOSTI, i.e. dicourse or dialogue with the Siddhas or mystics adept in hatha yoga and possessing supernatural powers, is the title of one of Guru Nanak`s longer compositions recorded in the Guru Granth Sahib. A goshti (gostln) seeks to expound the respective doctrines of scholars or saints participating
KAFI (Arabic Qafi), literally stands for the leader, the enlightener, one who fulfils the need. In poetics it denotes the refrain in a song or hymn, and is also the title given to a poetic form in Arabic as well as in Indian literature. Guru Nanak was the first to
SIKH COSMOLOGY. From the very beginning man has been curious to know about the structure and constitution of the Universe and its origin. To locate the stable base of this universe and to fix his own place in it have been the subjects of his constant search and speculation for
Amrit (ambrosia), Sassi (moon), Dhena (wish-fulfilling cow), Lakshmi, Kalpataru (wish-fulfilling tree), Sikhira (the horse) and Sunagar (Dhanwantara) all came out from the ocean, the lord of the rivers, but because of its past actions,it still remains saltish. (Dhanasari Trtlochan, p. 695) Kalpataru is also called Parijata. It was produced
SANAKADIKA (SANAKA etc.) SANAKA, SANANDANA, SANATANA and SANATKUMARA (Sanakadika pertains to all these four names) Sanaka and Sananda (Sanandana) could not know the limits of the Lord. (Asa Kabir, p. 478) Sanaka, Sanandana and Narada Muni serve Thee and always meditate on Thee, O Lord! (Gujri M. 4, p.
MAN or mana, from Skt. manas (mind or psyche), is one of the major operational con cepts in Indian thought involved in the process of apprehending facts and reacting to situations and stimuli, as also the cause of bandh (bondage/attachment). `Mind` is the nearest English rendering of `man`, though
ALAHNIAN, Guru Nanak\'s composition in measure Vadahans in the Guru Granth Sahib. Alahni, generally used in its plural form alahnian, is a dirge wailingly sung in chorus by women mourning the death of a relation. Etymologically, the word means an utterance in praise (of the departed person). The sorrowful
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