The Sikh Encyclopedia The Sikh Encyclopedia Encyclopedia of Sikhism

Social Institutions & Movements

Search Now!

SHAHID SIKH MISSIONARY COLLEGE, at Amritsar, a college for training Sikh preachers, was opened in October 1927 in memory of the shahids, i.e. martyrs, who had on 20 February 1921 laid down their lives at Nankana Sahib, birthplace of Guru Nanak, during the campaign for the reform of the management of Sikh shrines. The idea of starting such a college originated with the managing committee of the Gurdwara Sri Nankana Sahib formed in consequence of the passage of the Sikh Gurdwaras Act of 1925. A Shahidi Fund (martyrs` fund) had in fact been opened and a Sikh Mission Society formed in 1921 at Nankana Sahib, the former to raise a memorial in honour of the martyrs and the latter to spread Sikh teaching.

Both objectives found fulfilment in the establishment in 1927 of the Shahid Sikh Missionary College at Amritsar, under the auspices of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee. Ganga Singh, well versed in the art of oratory and with perfect mastery of Persian, Urdu and Punjabi languages, became its first principal. With gaps from 1932 to 1935 and from 1938 to 1943. the College has continued to this day. In June 1936, it was revived under a new management, the Sarab Hind Sikh Mission, formed by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, and Dharamanant Singh, learned in philosophy and theology, was named the principal.

Eminent theologians, Sahib Singh and Taran Singh, were also associated with the institution. The college is now run by the Daram Prachar Committee of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee which is also the examining authority. The curriculum includes Sikh sacred texts, philosophy, history and music. Three diploma courses, each of two years` duration, are offered with a view to training preachers, granthis, i.e. scripture readers and ragis, i.e. musicians. Some of the College graduates have distinguished themselves in fields as far apart as theology and politics. Giani Zail Singh who was elected President of India in 1982 is an alumnus of this College.

References :

1. Ashok, Shamsher Singh, ShromanI Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee da Pahjah Sala Itihas. Amritsar, 1982

More in this category: PANJABI PRACHARNI SABHA »


Leave a comment

Joomla SEF URLs by Artio

All About Sikhs

AllAboutSikhs is a comprehensive web site on sikhism, sikh history and philosophy, customs and rituals,sikh way of life, social and religious movements, art and architecture, sikh scriptures,sikh gurudwaras. Based on the belief in One God, the Sikh religion recognizes the equality of all human beings, and is marked by rejection of idolatry, ritualism, caste and asceticism. This website serves to heighten the awareness of Sikhism and hopefully can be of some use to seekers of knowledge.


Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas. You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh,and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.


World Gurudwaras

World Gurudwaras will strive to be most comprehensive directory of Historical Gurudwaras and Non Historical Gurudwaras around the world.The etymology of the term 'gurdwara' is from the words 'Gur (ਗੁਰ)' (a reference to the Sikh Gurus) and 'Dwara (ਦੁਆਰਾ)' (gateway in Gurmukhi), together meaning 'the gateway through which the Guru could be reached'. Thereafter, all Sikh places of worship came to be known as gurdwaras.



Get Latest Updates