BHAROANA or Bhairoana, a small village 16 km southwest of Sultan pur Lodhi (31Â°13`N, 75Â°12`E) in the Punjab, is the place where at the close of the fifteenth century lived Bhai Phiranda, a piousminded musician who also manufactured the stringed instrument called rabab or rebeck. Guru Nanak, before setting
DASVANDH or Dasaundh, lit. a tenth part, refers to the practice among Sikhs of contributing in the name of the Guru one-tenth of their earnings towards the common resources of the community. This is their religious obligation a form of seva or humble service so highly valued in the Sikh
KALU NATH, son of Jaimal, also called Data, a Dhalival Jatt of the Malva region, became a Vaisnav sddhu while still very young and, according to his biographer, Balmukand Das, roamed the countryside accompanied by his mother, Mohini, and young brother, Chikha. Later, he settled down under a jand
KHALSA DIWAN MALAYA, a religious organization of Sikhs in Malaysia, was established on 27 December 1903 at Taiping (4"51`N, 100"44`E) at a divan at the gurdwara of the Malaya State Guides celebrating the birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh. The Khalsa Diwan was assigned to promoting Sikh religion, managing
LOPON, village 25 km southeast of Moga (30Â°48`N, 75"10`E) in Faridkot district, was visited by Guru Hargobind during one of his tours in these parts. Gurdwara Guru Sar on the southern outskirts of the village commemorates the event. Constructed by Giani Indar Singh of Bhindran in 1960, the present
MAHITAB KAUR, daughter of Chaudhari Sujan Singh, an Atval Jatt of the village of Malla, in Gurdaspur district, was married to Maharaja Ranjit Singh about the year 1822 by the rites of chadar andazi, knotting the sheet cover. She survived the Maharaja and lived up to a ripe old
RATAN KAUR, RANI, widow of Sahib Singh, the Bharigi chief of Gujrat, was in 1811 taken by Maharaja Ranjit Singh under his mantle by the rite of chddar anddzi after the death of her husband. In 1819, she gave birth to Prince Multana Singh. She survived the Maharaja, and
RUP KAUR, RANT, daughter of Jai Singh of the village of Kot Sayyid Mahmud, now part of Amritsar city opposite Guru Nanak Dev University, was married to Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1815. She survived the Maharaja and was granted an annual pension of Rs 1,980 by the British.
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