KANHAIYA SINGH, BHAI (1881-1921), son of Bhai Sundar Singh and Mai Afar Kaur of Pharala village in Jalandhar district, was one of the victims of Mahant Narain Das of Nankana Sahib. One of their relations, Bhai Bodh Singh, had settled in Chakk No. 91 Dhannuana in Lyallpur district (now
MUKTI or Mukti and its synonym mokh (Sanskrit moksa, Pali mo(k)khd)are derived from the root much (to let go, release) and seem to be identical in primary meaning with the English words deliverance, liberation, release, freedom and emancipation. Although sometimes translated as `salvation`, mukti is different from the Christian salvation.
NIHALU CHADDHA, BHAI, was a devoted Sikh who lived in Agra. Once he, accompanied by Bhai Saktu Mahita, visited Amritsar to pay obeisance to Guru Arjan. According to Bhai Mani Singh, Sikhdn di Bhagat Maid, they sought instruction saying, "Some believe that liberation is not possible without virtuous actions;
UDHAU (UDHO) (also written as Uddhava or Oodho) Oodho, Akrura (of the Dwapara Age) and Trilochan, Namdev and Kabir (of Iron Age) got their sins effaced by remembering the Name of the Lord and the same Undeceivable Name, which ferries the saints across the world-ocean, came into the mind
AKALI DAL KHARA SAUDA BAR, an organization of Akali reformers working for the liberation of Sikh shrines from the control of conservative Udasi priests or mahants. The organization was originally called Khalsa Diwan Khara Sauda Bar set up in 1912 and comprised volunteers mostly from a cluster of villages
BHAGVANA. BHAI, along with Bhai Latkan Ghura, Bhai Gurditta and Bhai Katara, the jeweller, once came to see Guru Arjan and asked for a mantra, or sacred formula. The Guru, as says Bhai Mani Singh, Sikhan di Bhagat Mala, told them that any name for God would save, but
CHARAN SINGH, BHAI (1902-1921), son of Bhai Gurdit Singh and Mai Sada Kaur of the village of Kotla Santa Singh in Sheikhupura district, now in Pakistan, was born on 12 Maghar 1959 Bk/26 November 1902. His original name was Karnail Singh and he was renamed Charan Singh when he
HARNAM SINGH, BHAI (1897-1921), son of Bhai Sundar Singh and Mai Uttam Kaur, was among those who fell martyrs at Nankana Sahib on 20 February 1921. The traditional occupation of the family was weaving, but Harnam Singh`s father and grandfather took to peddling cloth. Harnam Singh was hardly five
HIRA SINGH, BHAI ( 1880-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was the eldest of the four sons of Bhai Buta Singh and Mat Bhagan, farmers of modest means living in village Taungarivali in Gujranwala district (now in Pakistan). Under the influence of Bhai Varyam Singh, Hira Singh turned
INDAR SINGH, BHAI (1881-1921), one of the Nankana Sahib martyrs, was born on 27 January 1881, the son of Bhai Sarmukh Singh and Mai Sukhdel of Pandori Nijjharari in Jalandhar district. He learnt reading and writing Punjabi in the village gurudwara, and grew up into a strongly built young
INDAR SINGH, BHAI (1894-1921), one of the Akali reformers who fell martyr at Nankana Sahib during the reformation of the holy shrines there, was born in 1894, the son of Bhai Mahitab Singh and Mai Ichchhar Kaur of the village of Daroli in Jalandhar district. The family later shifted
JHANJHU, BHAI, was a talented musician of the time of Guru Arjan. Once he, accompanied by Bhai Kidara and Bhai Mukanda, who were also musicians by profession, wait ed on the Guru and prayed for instruction. Bhai Jhanjhu and his companions took the Guru`s precept and were content to
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