ANJUMANIPANJAB, founded in Lahore on 21 January 1865 by the distinguished linguist, Dr Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner, who became successively the first principal of the Government College at Lahore and the first registrar of the University of the Panjab, was a voluntary society which aimed at the development of "vernacular literature"
EDWARDES, SIR HERBERT BENJAMIN (1819-1868), soldier, writer and statesman, son of the Rev. B. Edwardes, was born on 12 November 1819. He joined the Bengal infantry as a cadet in 1841, and served as Urdu, Hindi and Persian interpreter to his regiment. He was aide decamp to Lord Hugh Gough
HARI RAM GUPTA, DR (1902-1992), teacher and historian, with Sikhs in the eighteenth century Punjab as his major theme in the exploration of which he spent a lifetime filled with unsparing labour. He was born in 1902 in a family of modest means living at the village of Bhureval in
MUL SINGH, RAI, a Khatri Sikh of Gujranwala district, was a trusted servant of Raja Tej Singh, commander in chief of the Khalsa army during the first Anglo Sikh war (1845-46). Tej Singh died in 1862 leaving behind a large estate and a minor son, (later Raja) Harbans Singh.
PANJAB KAUR (d. 1741) was the wife of Baba Ram Rai, who after being disowned by his father. Guru Har Rai, for his heresy had settled in Dehra Dun. Ram Rai died on 4 September 1687. Panjab Kaur believed that her husband had not died a natural death and
PANJAB SINGH NALVA (d. 1854), son of the famous Sikh general, Hari Singh Nalva, served in the army under Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his successors. He received a sum of Rs 5,400 towards his patrimony after the death of his father. He also served under Maharaja Kharak Singh, and
PANJAB SINGH, RISALDAR MAJOR (d. 1869), soldier in the Sikh army and, upon the occupation of the Punjab in 1849, in the army of the British, was the grandson of Jodh Singh (d. 1837), a jdgirddr or feudatory of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and the grandfather of Sardar Sir Jogendra
TARIKHIPANJAB, by Pandit Debt Prasad, is a book in Urdu delineating the history of the Punjab in two parts : Part one covering the period from the time of Guru Nanak (1469-1539) to the British conquest of the Punjab in 1849, and Part two containing a detailed account of
ZAFARNAMAH-I-RANJlT SINGH, subtitled Ranjhnamah, by Kanhaiya Lal is an account in Persian verse of the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and his successors, covering the period 1799-1849. The manuscript copies of the work are preserved in Panjab University Library, Lahore ; Panjab Public Library, Lahore ; Khalsa College, Amritsar
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