AKALPURAKH stands in Sikh religious literature for the Divine Being, i.e. God. Like Akal, Murati, it is composed of two units, viz. akal (non temporal) and purakh (person). The latter figures in Mul Mantra, the preamble to Guru Nanak`s Japu, in conjunction with Xarta (Creator), the whole expression implying
ALAHNIAN, Guru Nanak\'s composition in measure Vadahans in the Guru Granth Sahib. Alahni, generally used in its plural form alahnian, is a dirge wailingly sung in chorus by women mourning the death of a relation. Etymologically, the word means an utterance in praise (of the departed person). The sorrowful
ABDHUT/AUDHUT/AVADHUT A kind of Hindu devotee who worships Shiva. neglects the ceremonies of religion, and goes naked, with the body besmeared with ashes. Guru Nanak defines the Abdhut as a person who renounces vice and is imbued with the Holy Name. Such a person not only liberates himself front
ANT KAL,means the few moments before a person\'s death. A person feeling the approach (if death thinks of many things, his wife, children, wealth and home which he will leave shortly and then begins to worry about them and after a while he is no more. Bhagat Trilochan realised
BHAI: Bhai, literally means brother. In the Sikh culture this term is used to show respect for a person. A saintly person, an intellectual, a humanitarian, a leader may be addressed as Bhai. The British adopted conferring the title of Sardar Bahadur to the persons loyal to their regime.
CHITRA GUPTA Chitra and Gupta write all the account of good and bad actions, but they do not look towards the devotees of the Lord. (Asa M. 5, p. 393) Meditating at the door of the Unknowable and Incom-prehensible Lord, one attained the Permanent Seat, where there is neither
DWAPARA YUGA In Dwapara, half of the merit of Mercy was lost. Rare was the enlightened person, who knew it; the Dharma-Bull had only two feet, only the enlightened person could realise the Truth. The kings performed the religious acts with motive. Acts of charity were practised with hope
NAM (lit. name), a collection of sounds possessing the capacity to signify a person, place, thing or idea, is a key term in Sikh theology, embodying a concept of central importance. It subsumes within it the revelation of God`s being, the only fit object of contemplation for the individual,
NEJAI In whose house there are Arjuna, an aide-de-camp, Dhru, Prahlada, Ambrika, Narada, Nejai, Siddhas, Buddhas along with ninety-two sporting Ganas and Gandharvas. (Malar Namdev, p. 1292) In the above reference, the devotees of the Lord include Nejai. According to the editors of \'Shabdaratha\', he was a sage. But
SATYUGA (SATJUG) In Satyuga the chariot is of contentment and charioteer of Dharma (Piety). (Var Asa, M. l, p. 470) In Satyuga everyone spoke Truth, in every home, there were enlightened persons absorbed in devotion. In Satyuga, the Dharma-bull stood on all its four feet, the enlightened person contemplates
TRETA YUGA In Treta, one-fourth of the merit of Dharma was lost, Dharma-Bull had only three feet and the fourth was replaced by duality. The enlightened person talked of Truth and the self-willed wasted himself in useless talk. (Maru M. l, p. 1023) In Treta one-fourth of the merit
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